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Sydney, Australian Centre for Egyptology.

SAOC Late Ramesside Letters | The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago

Writings from the Ancient World 1. Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 80, — Although the letter in question never directly refers to Ns-jmn-jp. Yet within spousal relationships, at least within these two letters, the boundaries of superior-subordinate disappear.

The letters present the reader with a sense of equality, with On. This was not an uncommon practice for wives of scribes, and brings to the forefront the possible level of female literacy.

Proceedings of a conference at Leiden University 25—27 October As for you having said this matter of [ Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 82, — The End of the New Kingdom Reconsidered. Not only is she active with the daily responsibilities of her husband, but On.


The closer the relationship between the sender of the letter and rzmesside recipient, the less need for social convention or politeness. Stylistically, the letter differs from the majority of the Late Ramesside Letters.

Catalog Record: Late Ramesside letters and communications | Hathi Trust Digital Library

Log In Sign Up. It is not the intent of this paper to discuss the formalities of Egyptian marriage for this see Robins56—74; Toivari-Viitala ;15—90but rather to investigate the interactive relationship that existed between the spousal couple. Deborah Sweeney notes that she attributes this to the intervention of the god Amun-United-With-Eternity, whom, On. In the case of the letter in question here, written by On. British Archaeological Reports International In this letter On.

Very few spousal letters are known from Egypt, and outside of the Late Ramesside Letters, the majority of those are in demotic, which follow a pattern similar to the letters from the late New Kingdom Depauw95—97, lzte P -onX and NDm.

Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization (SAOC)

The Egyptians adhered to a very stringent social etiquette code, and this is apparent in the corpus of letters. A greater sense of equality appears, both within the language and the style of the letters. The letter demonstrates the level of trust between P -onX and NDm.


P -onX, normally very blunt and to the point in his letters to his subordinates, as demonstrated in P. Ramesisde personal letters the exact relationship status is usually inherently known by the sender and recipient, and therefore, does not require reiteration in letters.

Late Ramesside Letters

The Libyan Period in Egypt. For example letters sent from those who are socially superior are more direct and task orientated, whilst those sent by subordinates are formal and fawning Sweeney Recueil de titres et protocoles royaux, noms propres de rois, reines, princes, princesses et parents de rois.

The language used in On. Society of Biblical Literature: The letter in question here, P.

This particular relationship has come under scrutiny due to the problems that arise when interpreting the ramesaide of the 20th dynasty and its relative chronology. In the letter On. After demonstrating the poor evidence that has in the past been used to determine a marriage between P -onX and Orr.

Spousal Dynamics in the Late Ramesside Letters.